The traditional perception that the causes of a couple’s failure to conceive were attributed to women exclusively, has greatly delayed investigation of men’s fertilising potential, as it only started 15-20 years ago.
Nowadys, even though knowledge on the causes relating to male infertility has sufficiently advanced, it is still not possible to clearly identify them. In a high percentage of cases, around 40%, the causes to the problem remain unclear. We thus refer to cases of “idiopathic infertility” or “unexplained infertility”.
Thorough analysis of the medical history, combined with complete clinical and laboratory examination, has led to the identification of general categories of factors causing male infertility, mainly related to a variety of conditions.