The comprehensive assessment of the male infertility factor requires the performance of a thorough laboratory examination of the male sperm. Apart from the conventional semen parameters, included in the basic semen analysis (spermiogram), modern scientific research provides a series of laboratory tests, which focus on the assessment of the functionality of spermatozoa and their potential insemination capability.
Such selected laboratory tests enable a more thorough assessment of the functional condition of the male sperm and contribute to:
- A more comprehensive investigation of the possible causes of male infertility – particularly in cases where the basic semen analysis does not indicate any disorder
- The selection of the most suitable therapeutic strategies depending on the diagnosed disorder
- The evaluation of effectiveness of therapeutic regimes
- The provision of prognostic information regarding the success rates of the reproductive attempt (natural or assisted)
The sperm function tests, regardless of the conventional spermatological profile, are an additional diagnostic tool enabling clinical doctors to provide better guidance to sub-fertile couples.
There is no single laboratory test that may define, with full certainty, a sperm as fertile or infertile. It is the combination of laboratory analyzes that indicates the fertility potential of the examined sperm.
In the effort to investigate the causes of a couple’s failure to have children, each case is unique and must be approached with detailed analysis by the attending doctor, who is exclusively competent for evaluating both laboratory and clinical data, and determining the suitable therapeutic strategy.
The scientifically reliable performance of properly selected tests based on the specifications of a strict quality control system, meets the diagnostic requirements of laboratory examination of infertile men.
The G. Lyberopoulos Spermatology Laboratory applies the principles of quality control provided by the NATIONAL ACCREDITATION SYSTEM (15189:2012) and reputed international entities, such as the World Health Organisation and the European Society for Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE). It participates in an External Quality Control System under the auspices of the Andrological Laboratory of the University of Karolinska, Sweden, and the Andrological Laboratory of Kruger and Franken, in Tygerberg, South Africa.
As part of the diagnostic services provided, the Laboratory performs the following sperm function tests, which provide information on the spermatozoa potential fertilization ability.